The MLL probe, labelled in green, covers a 200kb region including the MLL (KMT2A) gene. The MLLT1 probe, labelled in red, consists of two clones (203kb and 226kb) that flank the MLLT1 gene.
Translocations involving chromosome 11q23 frequently occur in both acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). In most cases, the MLL gene is involved but translocation partners are extremely variable, with 79 direct translocation partners having been molecularly characterised so far.
The most common MLL rearrangement in both AML and ALL involves fusion of the MLL and AFF1 (AF4) genes via a t(4;11)(q21;q23) translocation. Three of the other more common translocations involve the MLLT3 (AF9) gene on chromosome 9, the MLLT1 (ENL) gene on chromosome 19 or the MLLT4 (AF6) gene on chromosome 6:
We now have a range of Research Use Only (RUO) Translocation, Dual Fusion probes to allow specific detection of these MLL rearrangements.
The quality of the products we have received from CytoCell have been excellent. The FISH probes they provide to us give intense, strong signals and are a pleasure to count. What has really stood out however has been the level of support and assistance provided by CytoCell’s application specialists. The team worked very closely alongside our own during the adoption of this product and spent many hours with us perfecting the technique, going above and beyond what I would expect during the transition period. Source BioScience absolutely demand high quality products and service to be able to deliver our results with confidence, and that is what we have received from CytoCell.
Laboratory Operations Manager, Source BioScience, UK