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Product summary

  • Technology FISH
  • Application Haematology
  • Areas of interest ALL
  • Region 10q24.31
  • Label    
  • Product No. LPH 049 (10 tests)
    LPH 049-S (5 tests)
  • Intended use In vitro diagnostic. This product is intended to be used on Carnoy’s solution (3:1 methanol/acetic acid) fixed haematological samples. Disease information supported by the literature and is not a reflection of the intended purpose of this product.

Chromomaps

Overview

Probe specification

  • TLX1, 10q24.31, Red
  • TLX1, 10q24.31, Green

The TLX1 product consists of a 179kb probe, labelled in red, located centromeric to the TLX1 gene, including the KAZALD1 gene and the D10S1629 marker and a green probe covering a 124kb region located telomeric to the gene, including the LBX1 gene and the RH92279 marker.

 

Probe information

The TLX1 (T-cell leukemia homeobox 1) gene at 10q24 is aberrantly expressed in 30% of adult and 5-10% of childhood T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T-ALL)1,2.

Dysregulation of gene transcription is a feature of all acute leukaemias. In T-cell neoplasms, this is brought about by altered expression of normal transcription factor proteins, often as a consequence of chromosomal rearrangements placing these genes into close proximity of the promoter and enhancer elements of the TCR genes: TRA and TRD at 14q11.2, TRB at 7q34 and TRG at 7p143,4.

Murine studies show that expression of mouse homologues of TLX1 can immortalise haematopoietic cells in vitro as the first of a potential two-hit mechanism leading to full malignancy2. This work suggests that TLX1 is an oncogene that can become dysregulated via the translocations t(10;14)(q24;q11) or t(7;10)(q35;q24), placing it into close proximity with TRA/D and TRB elements respectively5. Additionally, TLX1 is frequently activated in T-ALL in the absence of an overt genetic rearrangement. T-ALLs with TLX1 expression show a more favourable outcome than other T-ALLs5.

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References

  1. Riz et al., Oncogene 2005;24:5561-5575
  2. Hawley RG et al., Oncogene 1994;9:1-12
  3. Korsmeyer SJ, Annual Rev Immunol 1992;10:785-807
  4. Gesk et al., Leukemia 2003;17:738-745
  5. Graux et al., Leukemia 2006;20:1496-1510

Recommended protocol for CytoCell haematology FISH

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Sample and slide preparation

Sample and slide preparation Thumbnail
  • Spot the cell sample onto a glass microscope slide. Allow to dry.
  • Immerse the slide in 2x Saline Sodium Citrate (SSC) for 2 minutes at room temperature (RT) without agitation.
  • Dehydrate in an ethanol series (70%, 85% and 100%), each for 2 minutes at RT.
  • Allow to dry.

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