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Product summary

  • Technology FISH
  • Application Haematology
  • Areas of interest ALL
  • Region 5q35.1
  • Label    
  • Product No. LPH 050 (10 tests)
    LPH 050-S (5 tests)
  • Intended use In vitro diagnostic. This product is intended to be used on Carnoy’s solution (3:1 methanol/acetic acid) fixed haematological samples. Disease information supported by the literature and is not a reflection of the intended purpose of this product.

Chromomaps

Overview

Probe specification

  • TLX3, 5q35.1, Red
  • TLX3, 5q35.1, Green

The TLX3 product consists of a 162kb probe, labelled in red, located centromeric to the TLX3 gene, including the middle part of the RANBP17 gene and the D5S653 marker and a green probe covering a 173kb region located telomeric to the gene, including the NPM1 and FGF18 genes and the RH80894 marker.

 

Probe information

The TLX3 (T-cell leukemia homeobox 3) gene at 5q35 can be aberrantly expressed in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (T- ALL) due to a cryptic translocation1.

Unlike TLX1, the dysregulation of TLX3 is not brought about by close juxtaposition with T-cell receptor genes, instead, it is brought into contact with another gene that is highly expressed in normal T-cell differentiation: BCL11B at 14q322. The t(5;14)(q35;q32) translocation is cryptic and the breakpoint does not actually disrupt TLX3 but, in the majority of cases, occurs within or downstream of the RANBP17 gene3. RANBP17 is very close to TLX3 and although its expression is not affected by the translocation, TLX3 expression is affected. The t(5;14)(q35;q32) translocation is found in approximately 20% of childhood T-ALL and 13% of adult cases. Rarer TLX3 rearrangements have also been reported: a t(5;7)(q35;q21) translocation involving CDK6 at 7q21 and a t(5;14)(q35;q11) translocation involving TRA/D at 14q11.21.

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References

  1. Graux et al., Leukemia 2006;20:1496-1510
  2. Bernard OA et al., Leukaemia 2001;15:1495-504
  3. Van Zutven et al., Haematologica 2004;89:671-8

Recommended protocol for CytoCell haematology FISH

Select a protocol step to view:

Sample and slide preparation

Sample and slide preparation Thumbnail
  • Spot the cell sample onto a glass microscope slide. Allow to dry.
  • Immerse the slide in 2x Saline Sodium Citrate (SSC) for 2 minutes at room temperature (RT) without agitation.
  • Dehydrate in an ethanol series (70%, 85% and 100%), each for 2 minutes at RT.
  • Allow to dry.
Haematology FISH protocol Video Image
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Haematology FISH protocol

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