The P53 probe mix consists of a 161kb probe, labelled in red that covers the whole P53 (TP53) gene and the flanking regions. The probe mix also contains a control probe for the 17 centromere (D17Z1) that is labelled in green.
The TP53 (tumor protein p53) gene at 17p13.1 is a tumour- suppressor gene that has been shown to be deleted in a wide range of human malignancies.
The TP53 gene is one of most important tumour suppressor genes; it acts as a potent transcription factor with fundamental role in the maintenance of genetic stability. Screening for TP53 loss is important as deletions or losses of the short arm of chromosome 17, which includes the TP53 region, are reported in many cancers and are often associated with disease progression, inferior response to treatment and/or a poor prognosis.
In particular, loss of TP53 is reported in 10% of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL), and is considered to be the poorest prognostic marker in that disease1,2. In acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), TP53 loss is associated with a poor outcome and is often seen as a marker of disease progression or secondary disease3-5.
TP53 loss in patients with multiple myeloma is a late event, where is seen as a marker of disease progression and is associated with a very poor prognosis6,7.
In non-Hodgkin lymphoma, TP53 losses are reported in diffuse large B- cell lymphoma (DLBCL) often as part of ‘dual-hit’ lymphoma or plasmablastic phenotypes8. In mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), TP53 losses are associated with a poor outcome, and with a dismal outcome when seen with concurrent CDKN2A deletions9.
I am grateful for the excellent products I receive from CytoCell at a reasonable price, but more importantly the superb customer support. The speed in which I receive answers or suggestions makes my life as a director much easier and allows me to focus on patient care. The quality and consistency of CytoCell’s probes means I can trust the results, and my clients get their results in a timely manner
Dr. Theresa C. Brown
Director, Cytogenetics Laboratory, Hayward Genetics Center, Tulane University School of Medicine