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Product summary

  • Technology FISH
  • Application Cytogenetics & rare disease
  • Areas of interest Constitutional
  • Region 5p15.2 / 5p15.31 / 5q35
  • Label    
  • Product No. LPU 013 (10 tests)
    LPU 013-S (5 tests)
  • Intended use In vitro diagnostic. This product is intended to be used on Carnoy’s solution (3:1 methanol/acetic acid) fixed peripheral blood samples.

Chromomaps

Overview

Probe specification

  • Cri-Du-Chat (CTNND2), 5p15.2, Red
  • Cri-Du-Chat (UBE2QL1), 5p15.31, Green
  • SOTOS, 5q35, Green

The CTNND2 probe is 159kb, labelled in red and covers a region including the D5S2883 marker. The UBE2QL1 probe is 193kb, labelled in green and covers a region including the D5S1637E and D5S2678 markers, as well as the entire UBE2QL1 gene. The SOTOS probe is 167kb, labelled in green and covers the NSD1 gene. The three unique sequences act as control probes for each other and allow identification of chromosome 5.

 

Probe information

Cri-du-chat syndrome consists of multiple congenital anomalies, mental retardation, microcephaly, abnormal face and a mewing cry in infants. Cri-du-chat Syndrome is associated with deletions, which vary in size, of part of the short arm of chromosome 51.

The estimated prevalence varies between 1 in 20,000 to 1 in 50,000 births2, making it one of the more common deletion syndromes. A critical chromosomal region involved in the high-pitched cry has been mapped to the proximal part of chromosome band 5p15.33. The region involved in the remaining features of the syndrome has been mapped to 5p15.23,4,5.

SOTOS syndrome is a neurological disorder characterised by a distinctive facial appearance, overgrowth in childhood and developmental delay6. Malignant tumour formation has also been reportedly associated with SOTOS syndrome7.

NSD1, a gene encoding a histone methyltransferase, and implicated in chromatin regulation8, was identified as the gene disrupted by the 5q35 breakpoint in a patient carrying a chromosomal translocation9. Haploinsufficiency of the NSD1 gene appears to be the major cause of SOTOS syndrome.

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References

  1. Lejeune J et al., C R Hebd Seances Acad Sci 1963;257:3098-102
  2. Niebuhr E et al., Hum Genet 1978;44:227-75
  3. Mainardi PC et al., J Med Genet 2001;38:151-8
  4. Overhauser J et al., Hum Mol Genet 1994;3:247-52
  5. Wu Q et al., Eur J Hum Genet 2005;13:475-85
  6. Cole TR and Hughes HE, J Med Genet 1994;31(1):20-32
  7. Maldonado V et al., Am J Dis Child 1984;138:486-8
  8. Tatton-Brown K and Rahman N, Eur J Hum Genet 2007;15:264-71
  9. Kurotaki N et al., Nat Genet 2002;30:365-6

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