The CTNND2 probe is 159kb, labelled in red and covers a region including the D5S2883 marker. The UBE2QL1 probe is 193kb, labelled in green and covers a region including the D5S1637E and D5S2678 markers, as well as the entire UBE2QL1 gene. The SOTOS probe is 167kb, labelled in green and covers the NSD1 gene. The three unique sequences act as control probes for each other and allow identification of chromosome 5.
Cri-du-chat syndrome consists of multiple congenital anomalies, mental retardation, microcephaly, abnormal face and a mewing cry in infants. Cri-du-chat Syndrome is associated with deletions, which vary in size, of part of the short arm of chromosome 51.
The estimated prevalence varies between 1 in 20,000 to 1 in 50,000 births2, making it one of the more common deletion syndromes. A critical chromosomal region involved in the high-pitched cry has been mapped to the proximal part of chromosome band 5p15.33. The region involved in the remaining features of the syndrome has been mapped to 5p15.23,4,5.
SOTOS syndrome is a neurological disorder characterised by a distinctive facial appearance, overgrowth in childhood and developmental delay6. Malignant tumour formation has also been reportedly associated with SOTOS syndrome7.
NSD1, a gene encoding a histone methyltransferase, and implicated in chromatin regulation8, was identified as the gene disrupted by the 5q35 breakpoint in a patient carrying a chromosomal translocation9. Haploinsufficiency of the NSD1 gene appears to be the major cause of SOTOS syndrome.
I am grateful for the excellent products I receive from CytoCell at a reasonable price, but more importantly the superb customer support. The speed in which I receive answers or suggestions makes my life as a director much easier and allows me to focus on patient care. The quality and consistency of CytoCell’s probes means I can trust the results, and my clients get their results in a timely manner
Dr. Theresa C. Brown
Director, Cytogenetics Laboratory, Hayward Genetics Center, Tulane University School of Medicine